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National Research and Development Projects

Optimisation of Tools for the Digitisation of Printed Documents in Danger of Acid Paper Degradation
Project duration: 2006–2010
Project leader: Jiří Polišenský
Financial Support: Ministry of Culture of the CR

In 2010, the filling of the database with corrected word forms using the BookSave and BookStore tools continued. At the same time, tools for the automated description of the internal parts of the documents (articles, chapters) were tested. In the last phase, all of the tools developed were integrated in one application CODEG, which makes it possible to fill the fundamental database with corrected word forms, to create specialised external dictionaries for increasing the success rate of the recognition and to create expanded metadata for the internal parts of the documents. The tools developed were already utilised in 2010 within the participation of the NL CR in the IMPACT European project.


Preservation of Web Resources and Making Them Permanently Accessible As They Are a Part of the National Cultural Heritage
Project duration: 2006–2011
Project leader: Ludmila Celbová (2006–2007), Libor Coufal (2008–2011)
Financial Support: Ministry of Culture of the CR
URL: http://webarchiv.cz/

The general objective of the project is to deal more deeply with the aspects of the preservation of web resources and permanent access to them, namely both in terms of the development of information technologies and legislation. In 2010, a resolution for searching in full texts of archived web resources through the integration of the NutchWax and Wayback Machine tools was developed. The subject disambiguation site using the Conspectus method was substantially augmented by a more detailed classification of the resources according to the subcategories of Conspectus; the resources were augmented by metadata descriptions including the possibility of browsing the resources by means of a thesaurus, and by displaying previews of the resources. The testing and further development of the WebAnalyzer tool for the automated harvesting of Bohemica located outside of the national domain .cz and the further development of the WA Admin tool for the internal administration of the web archiving workflow continued.


Building a Database of Handwritten and Printed Musical Resources Deposited in the Collections on the Territory of Bohemia and Moravia
Project duration: 2006–2011
Project leader: Zuzana Petrášková
Financial Support: Ministry of Culture of the CR

In 2010, the work on the project continued as it had been planned. The long-awaited online access of the RISM database was accomplished. All of the saved records of the occurrence and place of the deposition of manuscript music sources are freely available to researchers and music interpreters at the address: www.rism.info. The bilateral communication of the investigators with the editors of RISM was operative. In the NL CR, we organised a seminar for the investigators of the project as well as other interested persons with the participation of an employee of the international editorial board of RISM, who presented the database with all of the possibilities of its study use and demonstrated the novelties for the employees who work with sheet music in the internationally used Kallisto Software. Currently, there are 5,983 entries on sheet music from the manuscript collection of the Music Department of the NL CR and 2,554 entries from the Moravian Museum (MM) in Brno deposited in the database. The total number of entries from Bohemian and Moravian collections is 26,767. Both investigating workplaces (the NL CR and MM) maintained good cooperation. Research of the as-yet unregistered collections has shown that there are still many music sources without the appropriate protection and treatment.


National Authority Files in the Environment of Museums and Galleries – Interoperability with the NL CR
Project duration: 2006–2011
Project leader: Zdeněk Lenhart, CITeM Moravian Museum in Brno
Investigator on the part of the NL CR (The NL CR is not a recipient of support): Zdeněk Bartl
Financial Support: Ministry of Culture of the CR
URL: http://www.citem.cz

The creation of the system of national authority files of memory institutions will significantly increase the efficiency of the cataloguing of library, museum and gallery collections and unify the access points in the databases of memory institutions.


Administrative Documents (Internal Archive) of the Russian Historical Archives Abroad. Processing, Storing, Cataloguing and Access to This Collection of Unique Documents
Project duration: 2007–2009/2010
Project leader: Lukáš Babka
Financial Support: Czech Science Foundation

The aim of the project is to process, catalogue and deposit the collection of archival materials (the administrative documents and internal archive) mapping the activities of the Russian Historical Archives Abroad, which is deposited in the Slavonic Library, and make it accessible. Access to this exceptional collection of documents will make it possible for scholars to examine professionally for the very first time the activities of the Russian Historical Archives Abroad, a unique archival and documentation institution, which was active in Prague in 1923–1945. In agreement with the authorised postponement of the deadline of the project, the final report on the resolution of the project was submitted in May 2010. In the course of 2010, the manuscript of the upcoming book catalogue of the collection was being finished, the texts were being edited and the indexes processed.


Registration of Digitised Documents, Monitoring of the Process of Treatment and Development of the System for Making It Accessible
Project duration: 2008–2011
Project leader: Martin Lhoták, Library of the ASCR, v. v. i., co-investigator on the part of the NL CR: Ivan Ljubka
Financial Support: Ministry of Culture of the CR

The project resolved in cooperation with the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the CR is comprised of three basic objectives – to monitor and optimise the digitisation workflow, to register the digitisation of the book collections on the nation-wide scale and to develop the Kramerius System for making digital documents accessible. Within the Digitisation Register tool, the structure is modified for the automatic data harvesting and mapping. Besides the identifiers already used, Digitisation Register was complemented with the CNB (Czech National Bibliography) number, which is important for most Czech library documents. Within the development of the Kramerius System in 2010, stress tests of the available version were done along with other programming work, whose aim is a corresponding quality of the services for the end users. For the administrator of the system, a user’s manual was complemented and the documentation was made more precise. The results of the resolution of the project were presented not only in the CR but also at one of the workshops of the ECDL 2010 prestigious conference in Glasgow, where these developmental activities aroused great attention.


Testing the Possibilities of Exterminating the Insects Damaging Library and Museum Collections by Using a Multipurpose Vacuum Chamber and Oxygen-Free Box
Project duration: 2008–2010
Project leader: Jiří Neuvirt
Financial Support: Ministry of Culture of the CR

The aim of the project is to develop and test the efficiency of non-toxic pesticide methods in libraries and museums by making use of the features of the multipurpose vacuum chamber and an oxygen-free box. At the same time, the influence of the selected methods on the materials of the collection objects will be verified. In 2009, the speed of the elution of oxygen from the interior of eleven types of wood was measured; for selected types of insects, the mortality of individual development stages in a nitrogen atmosphere and in an atmosphere with 1 % of oxygen was set, and wooden artefacts with historical surface modifications were created to evaluate the threat of their damage from the influence of a short-term controlled vacuum. The line for verifying the mortality caused by controlled atmospheres is protected by a utility model. The multipurpose vacuum chamber underwent construction modifications. A proposal of the methodology of the treatment was prepared. In 2010, the exchangeable input of the chamber for the placement of large artefacts was completed. For the preservation of sensitive artefacts, humidifying equipment for maintaining the relative humidity in the chamber during vacuum degassing was developed, produced and installed. The influence of surface modifications of the artefacts and damage by insects on the speed of the oxygen wash was tested. The methodology of a construction of a line and the approach to treating small artefacts against harmful arthropods was submitted at the Ministry of Agriculture for certification with positive evaluations. Real artefacts of the National Museum and the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague (historical weapons and polychrome wooden statues) were treated.


National Library of the CR – Ensuring Electronic Information Resources for Research, Development and Innovation
Project duration: 2009–2011
Project leader: Hanuš Hemola
Financial Support: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the CR
URL: http://www.nkp.cz/pages/sluz_vz09006.htm and the special webpages of the individual consortiums

The project’s objective is to ensure access to the EBSCO and OCLC databases through organising several consortia with the participation of more than sixty Czech libraries, educational and research institutions. Access to electronic information resources for librarianship and information science, music and musicology is ensured by the establishment of subject consortia. Full-text academic electronic information resources of the profiling fields (ebrary) are made accessible only to the users of the National Library of the CR in individual licences. The project also financially supports the safeguarding of the sphere of science, research and innovation in the CR with the primary information sources from abroad through the services provided by the centres of international ILL services in the National Library of the CR, in the Moravian Library, in the Scientific Library in Olomouc, in the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the CR and in the National Technical Library.


Environmental Monitoring and Evaluation of Tolerability of Indoor Environment in the Baroque Library Hall of the National Library
Project duration: 2009–2010
Project leader: Jiří Smolík, Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the ASCR, v. v. i.
Investigator on the part of the NL CR: Jerzy Stankiewicz
Financial Support: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the CR from the EEA and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms

The problems of the contamination of the atmosphere by dust and gaseous pollutants have been devoted special attention in the National Library, primarily because of the location of the NL CR complex in the centre of a busy urban agglomeration. In 2008, the Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the ASCR, v. v. i. measured dustiness in the Baroque Library Hall in cooperation with the Restoration Department of the library. The measurements showed a direct connection between the attendance rate of the Baroque Library Hall as part of tourist visits and the increase in the concentration of dust particles in its area. The presence of visitors increased the concentration of particles of 1–20 μm by more than sixfold. The increase of the concentration always began with the arrival of the first visitors and reached its maximum at the end of the visiting hours. The concentration then gradually dropped until the next visiting hours. Based on the results of these measurements, the dust nuisance and air contamination by aerosol pollutants (mainly of organic origin) were systematically measured in the Baroque Library Hall and its adjoining areas from May 2009 to April 2010. Other than the Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the ASCR, v. v. i., the Restoration Department of the NL CR and the Norwegian Institute for Air Research, also the Health Institute from Ústí n. Labem has participated as a partner in the monitoring work as the subcontractor. Within the project, statistical research of the physical state of the collection was conducted, in the course of which 1,925 volumes (from a total of ca 21,000) were inspected. Further by means of x-ray fluorescence (XRF), the presence of individual chemical elements and the frequency of their appearance in the book block were examined with randomly selected volumes. In the final phase of the project in Autumn, 2010, research was conducted on 100 volumes from the collection of the Baroque Library Hall while using infrared spectrometry (SurveNIR). It is a relatively new technology, not applied in the CR before, which compares the individual spectra of selected documents with the spectra from an extensive database of data acquired from historical materials with precisely set characteristics. Considering that they are cultural monuments, in whose case it is impossible to collect samples or perform analyses, information gained in this way reflects the level of the preservation of the book volumes, testifies to the molecular mass and polymerising level of the individual papers, the lignin content, the type and amount of glue or to its physical characteristics (solidity in tensile force, solidity in tensile force after bending and the presence of optical lightening agents). The project was completed in December 2010 and its results were published in international specialised journals.

Oct 02, 2012
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